Now that we understand better how information comes to us, we can begin to evaluate it and use our critical judgement to assess its relative merits. There are a number of useful criteria we can use when doing this. The relative weighting we give to each of these evaluation criteria will depend upon the particular subject or discipline we are working within.
Let's meet some of the criteria we can use to evaluate the information we encounter.
How up-to-date is the information?
Where has the information come from? What is its provenance?
How useful is the information in addressing my specific information need?
Is the information biased? Does it consider all relevant viewpoints?
How correct is the information? Can it be checked against other sources?
How was the information researched and collated?